Prerequisites

Prerequisites

Prerequisites are commonly used in the Education system as a means of measuring knowledge to determine whether a student is ready to advance to the next level. This is important for the student and the course. Enrolling in a course for which you have not met the prerequisite can set a student up for failure and hinder the academic experience for other students.

 

Example of courses, their prerequisite and their description follow: (all of the following grade 12 courses are available, but not offered at the present time. Their offering will depend on the registration by new students who seek to take the course for the first time)

These grade 12 courses will require Prerequisites

English  

English, Grade 12, University Preparation, ENG4U.

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes consolidation of literacy, critical thinking, and communication skills. Students will analyze a range of challenging texts from various times periods, countries, and cultures; write analytical and argumentative essays and a major paperfor and independent literary research project; and apply key concepts to analyze media works.  An important focus will be on understanding academic language and using it coherently and confidently in discussion and argument.

Science  

Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation (SBI4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation 

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation (SCH4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation 

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Physics, Grade 12, University Preparation (SPH4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation 

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of the concepts and theories of physics. Students will explore further the laws of dynamics and energy transformations, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields; electromagnetic radiation; and the interface between energy and matter. They will further develop inquiry skills, learning, for example, how the interpretation of experimental data can provide indirect evidence to support the development of a scientific model. Students will also consider the impact on society and the environment of technological applications of physics.

Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, University Preparation, MCV4U

Credit: 1.0

Note: The new Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U).

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation, MHF4U

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College

Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation.

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

Social Sciences and Humanities

Note: The social Sciences and Humanities field is the only area in which no curriculum change have taken place since the 2000 curricular document and as such no change has occurred in course description nor course content in any of the course under this heading.

Family Studies

Individuals and Families in a Diverse Society, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (HHS4M)  

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/collage, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and World studies.

This course applies current theories and research from the disciplines of anthropology, psychology, and sociology to the study of individual development, family behavior, intimate and parent-child relationships, and the ways in which families interact within the diverse Canadian society.  Students will learn the interpersonal skills required to contribute to the well-being of families, and the investigative skills required to conduct and evaluate research about individuals and families

Issues in Human Growth and Development, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (HHG4M)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the life cycle, with particular emphasis on enhancing growth and development. Students will examine how early brain and child development are linked to lifelong learning, health, and well-being, and will develop child-care and human-relationship skills through practical experience in a community setting. This course also refines students’ skills used in researching and investigating issues related to human growth and development.

General Social Science

Challenge and Change in Society, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (HSB4M)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course examines the theories and methodologies used in anthropology, psychology, and sociology to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavior and their impact on society. Students will analyze cultural, social, and biological patterns in human societies, looking at the ways in which those patterns change over time. Students will also explore the ideas of classical and contemporary social theorists, and will apply those ideas to the analysis of contemporary trends.

Philosophy

Philosophy: Questions and Theories, Grade 12, University Preparation (HZT4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course addresses three (or more) of the main areas of philosophy: metaphysics, logic, epistemology, ethics, social and political philosophy, and aesthetics. Students will learn critical thinking skills, the main ideas expressed by philosophers from a variety of the world’s traditions, how to develop and explain their own philosophical ideas, and how to apply those ideas to contemporary social issues and personal experiences. The course will also help students refine skills used in researching and investigating topics in philosophy.

Canadian and World Studies

Note: No change has taken in the Canadian and World Studies curriculum since the revised 2005 document.

Economics

Analyzing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12, University Preparation (CIA4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course investigates the nature of the competitive global economy and explores how individuals and societies can gain the information they need to make appropriate economic decisions. Students will learn about the principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics, apply economic models and concepts to interpret economic information, assess the validity of statistics, and investigate marketplace dynamics. Students will use economic inquiry and communication skills to analyze current economic issues, make informed judgments, and present their findings.

Geography

Canadian and World Issues: A Geographic Analysis, Grade 12, University Preparation (CGW4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course examines the global challenges of creating a sustainable and equitable future, focusing on current issues that illustrate these challenges. Students will investigate a range of topics, including cultural, economic, and geopolitical relationships regional disparities in the ability to meet basic human needs, and protection of the natural environment. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry and analysis to develop and communicate balanced opinions about the complex issues facing Canada and a world that is interdependent and constantly changing.

The Environment and Resource Management, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (CGR4M)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course investigates the complexity and fragility of ecosystems and the pressures human activities place on them. Students will examine ecological processes, the principles of sustainability, and strategies for resource management, with a focus on the challenges of environmental degradation and resource depletion. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry to explain and evaluate various approaches to achieving a more sustainable relationship between people and their environment.

History

Canada:  History, Identity, and Culture, Grade 12, University Preparation (CHI4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course explores the challenges associated with the formation of a Canadian national identity. Students will examine the social, political, and economic forces that have shaped Canada from the pre-contact period to the present and will investigate the historical roots of contemporary issues from a variety of perspectives. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to consider events and ideas in historical context, debate issues of culture and identity, and present their own views.

World History: The West and the World, Grade 12, University Preparation (CHY4U)

Credit: 1.0

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

This course investigates the major trends in Western civilization and world history from the sixteenth century to the present. Students will learn about the interaction between the emerging West and other regions of the world and about the development of modern social, political, and economic systems. They will use critical-thinking and communication skills to investigate the historical roots of contemporary issues and present their conclusions.